Hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon monoxide — all byproducts of fuel combustion — are linked to various air quality issues such as smog formation as well as various health effects. Limiting criteria pollutant tailpipe emissions from our vehicles helps to reduce some of the environmental impacts of driving.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the state of California have certification programs to categorize vehicles in terms of their level of tailpipe emissions (the Canadian program is aligned with the U.S. federal program).

While the EPA Tier 3 and California Low Emission Vehicle III (LEV III) regulations have different nomenclature for categorizing vehicle emissions, the bins include the same vehicle emission groupings. For the 2017 model year, EPA Tier 3 and California LEV III regulations required an auto manufacturer’s fleet average to meet an emission standard for non-methane organic gas with nitrogen oxides (NMOG + NOx) of 0.086 g/mi for passenger cars and light-duty trucks up to 3,750 pounds, and 0.101 for other light-duty trucks. The standard decreases until 2025, when the NMOG + NOx average for both sets of vehicles will become 0.030 g/mi.

The EPA Tier 3 vehicle standards were intended to be harmonized with California's Low Emission Vehicle program and create a federal vehicle emissions program that allows automakers to sell the same vehicles in all 50 states.

Environment and Climate Change Canada has issued Tier 3 regulations aligned with the final U.S. Tier 3 rule.

Toyota's goal is to maintain flexibility to build vehicles based on customer preferences. In setting tailpipe emission regulations, we believe standards should be performance-based and consider the interaction with other vehicle rules — such as fuel economy/greenhouse gas standards — to ensure the total package of requirements is effective and acceptable to the consumer. Fuels must be considered with vehicle technologies as a holistic system. Reduced sulfur levels in gasoline, required by the federal Tier 3 and California LEV III programs, are enabling the after-treatment systems being designed for compliance.

Toyota annually complies with the state of California, U.S. and Canadian federal vehicle emissions programs, and we have met the requirements for each model year.

The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) "Greenest Vehicles of 2020" list names the Toyota Prius Prime as the greenest vehicle. Prius Prime’s number one ranking comes after several years of all-electric cars dominating the list. Three other Toyota vehicles made the list: Toyota Prius Eco5, Toyota Corolla Hybrid and Toyota Camry Hybrid LE. The list is notable in that it considers a variety of criteria when determining the greenest cars, including the car’s emissions, emissions from the electric grid on which the vehicle is charged, and energy necessary to build and dispose of the car.

5The Prius Eco is an available trim level within the Prius model line. This trim option offers customers even better fuel efficiency thanks to lighter weight and further optimized aerodynamics.


P01 / VOC Emission

Fiscal Year(FY) runs April to March | Scope: Toyota's North American Manufacturing Plants

ABOUT THIS CHART: The primary concern with non-greenhouse gas air emissions is smog. Smog is formed as particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) react with sunlight. Smog has been linked to several health issues and is particularly prevalent in dense urban areas with heavy traffic, industrial activity and sunny, warm climates.

Vehicle body painting operations generate most of Toyota's VOC emissions. Toyota's North American manufacturing plants measure grams of VOCs emitted per square meter of vehicle surface area coated (g/m2). VOC emissions from vehicle body painting decreased 5.4 percent between fiscal years 2019 and 2020. We expect VOC emissions to continue to decrease as we further improve transfer efficiency and launch additional water-borne paint systems.



P02 / Endangered, Threatened or Protected Species on or Near Toyota Sites

Toyota Site Endangered, Threatened, or Protected Species Law/Regulation Activities
All TMNA sites in North America Monarch butterfly The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service is legally bound to determine whether to protect monarchs under the Endangered Species Act. A decision will be made by December 2020. See BIODIVERSITY/Biodiversity Targets
Manufacturing plant in Baja California, Tecate (Mexico)
  • Ceanothus verrucosus (a medicinal shrub)
  • Crotalus ruber (a native rattlesnake)
  • Linx rufus (bobcat)
  • Lepus californicus (black–tailed jackrabbit)
  • Ferocactus gracilis (fire barrel cactus)
Protected by Mexico’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) under NOM–059–SEMARNAT–2010 These species are found on 143 acres of the site’s property that are protected as a wildlife preserve.
Manufacturing plants in Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario (Canada) Tree Swallow Protected by the Migratory Birds Convention Act Installed 71 bird boxes at Toyota's assembly plants in Cambridge and Woodstock, Ontario.
Engine plant in Huntsville, Alabama Alabama cave shrimp Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act Cave shrimp are found in an area of the site that is not disturbed by site operations or activities.
Assembly and unit plant in Georgetown, Kentucky Short's Goldenrod, Indiana Bat Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act Planted Short's Goldenrod along a one–mile nature trail onsite
Vehicle logistics site at the Port of Portland, Oregon Coho Salmon Protected by the U.S. Endangered Species Act Salmon Safe certified; site maintains a bioswale and storm water pollution prevention program; team members participate in annual cleanup of the Willamette River
Includes Toyota-owned sites in operation as of September 2020

ABOUT THIS CHART: As sites apply for certification of their conservation programs with Wildlife Habitat Council, they work with a WHC biologist to take an inventory of species onsite. This inventory includes any species listed by federal law as endangered or threatened. In addition to the 13 sites with WHC-certified programs, we assess new sites for the presence of endangered and protected species. To our knowledge, there are no endangered, threatened or protected species on or near the site of the new manufacturing plant in Apaseo el Grande, Guanajuato (Mexico).

“Protecting Species”


P03 / Toyota Sites in or Adjacent to a Protected Area, Critical Habitat or Biodiversity Hotspot

Site Name Location Type of Operation Protected Area, Critical Habitat and/or Biodiversity Hotspot
TMMBC Baja California, Tecate, Mexico Manufacturing Hotspot: California Floristic Province; Protected area: Wildlife Preserve
TMMC Woodstock, Ontario, Canada Manufacturing Protected Area: Vansittart Woods wetlands
TABC Long Beach, California Manufacturing Hotspot: California Floristic Province
Gardena Technical Center Gardena, California R&D Hotspot: California Floristic Province
LA Parts Distribution Center Los Angeles, California Parts logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
TLS Long Beach Port of Long Beach, California Vehicle logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
San Ramon Regional Office and Parts Distribution Center San Ramon, California Parts logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
North American Parts Center California Ontario, California Parts logistics Hotspot: California Floristic Province
TLS Portland Port of Portland, Oregon Vehicle logistics Critical Habitat for Soho Salmon
TAPG Phoenix, Arizona Proving ground Critical Habitat for Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Includes Toyota-owned sites in operation as of September 2020

ABOUT THIS CHART: TMNA has begun an analysis to determine whether sites are in a protected area, critical habitat or biodiversity hotspot (see below for definitions of these terms). We started with our largest facilities, those that have Conservation Certification from Wildlife Habitat Council, and those undergoing major renovations. In the table above, we only include the sites located in these areas. We will be analyzing additional sites going forward, and the information will be used to inform our biodiversity strategy and project selection.

Our newest assembly plant in Apaseo el Grande, Guanajuato (Mexico), which started production in December 2019, is not in or adjacent to a protected area, critical habitat or biodiversity hotspot.

A Protected Area is defined as a geographic area that is designated, regulated or managed to achieve specific conservation objectives. (GRI Standards Glossary 2016)

Critical Habitat is a term defined and used in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. It is a specific geographic area(s) containing physical or biological features that are essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species and that may require special management and protection. Critical habitat may include an unoccupied area(s) if it is determined to be essential for the conservation of the species.

A Biodiversity Hotspot is defined as an area that meets two criteria:

  • It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.
  • It must have 30 percent or less of its original natural vegetation. In other words, it must be threatened.

Around the world, 36 areas qualify as biodiversity hotspots. They represent just 2.3 percent of Earth’s land surface, but they support more than half of the world’s endemic plant species and nearly 43 percent of endemic bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species.

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) maintains a list of hotspots by region. CEPF is a joint initiative of l’Agence Française de Développement, Conservation International, the European Union, the Global Environment Facility, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank.

“Conserving Habitats”


P04 / Wildlife Habitat Council Conservation Certifications

Toyota Site Name Certification level
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Cambridge Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Woodstock Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Texas Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, West Virginia Gold
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Alabama Silver
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Indiana Silver
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky Silver
Toyota Technical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan Silver
Toyota Technical Center, York Township, Michigan Silver
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Mississippi Certified
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Missouri Certified
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Tennessee Certified
Toyota Arizona Proving Grounds Certified

Certifications as of July 2020.

ABOUT THIS CHART: Wildlife Habitat Council (WHC) partners with corporations, fellow conservation organizations, government agencies and community members to empower and recognize wildlife habitat and conservation education programs. WHC's certification standard, Conservation Certification, recognizes meaningful wildlife habitat management and conservation education programs.

Our partnership with WHC began in 1999 when Toyota joined WHC's membership. In 2008, the conservation program at our Kentucky assembly plant became Toyota's first WHC certification. WHC helps us inventory plant and animal species on our sites and identify appropriate projects. We now have programs certified at 13 sites in North America. Our protected areas include grassland, wildflower meadows, pollinator gardens and forests.

“Protecting Species”



P05 / Toyota Fleet CO2 and GHG Data from CAFE and GHG Reports

Lower CO2 per mile is better. This chart shows official data available as of September 1, 2020, from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ABOUT THIS CHART: Our efforts to improve fuel economy and reduce GHG emissions have become more aggressive with the adoption in the United States of new fuel economy and GHG emissions standards for passenger cars and light-duty trucks through the 2025 model year. While overall compliance is based on a fleet average, each vehicle has a fuel economy/GHG target based on its footprint.

One significant challenge to meeting these standards is having technology options available in vehicles that consumers are willing to purchase in sufficient quantities needed for compliance with the standards. Low fuel prices have added to this challenge. In 2012, when the standards were set through the 2025 model year, it was impossible to predict market outcomes so far into the future, since preferences are largely determined by factors such as fuel price and economic conditions, which are beyond an auto manufacturer’s control. As such, the regulations called for a feasibility evaluation of the 2022-2025 standards. Toyota is collaborating with the relevant government agencies to ensure that future regulations are aligned with technology and market realities while achieving the program's environmental goals.

In the chart above, the performance of the U.S. vehicle fleet is being shown in two ways. The green line shows Toyota's fleet-wide fuel economy (CAFE) presented in terms of grams of CO2 per mile. This measure of performance, shown in previous Toyota North American Environmental Reports, only reflects GHG emissions reductions measured at the tailpipe during the official government test procedure.

The shorter, teal line depicts a broader view of GHG performance that entails provisions in the U.S. EPA GHG program (starting with the 2012 model year). The annual GHG compliance values account for real-world GHG benefits from off-cycle technologies such as air conditioning and aerodynamic improvements not observed over the official testing conditions. Beginning with the 2017 model year, Toyota is only showing the fleetwide GHG values for our light-duty fleet under EPA’s GHG program. In the 2017 model year evaluation, NHTSA’s CAFE program started to incorporate certain off-cycle technology reductions similar to those that are accounted for in EPA’s GHG program. This results in very similar CAFE and GHG values. Those interested can still find the 2017 model year and beyond CAFE data using NHTSA’s PIC tool, linked below.

Showing both values provides a transparent way of looking at Toyota’s historical fleet performance as we continue to pursue both GHG reductions and fuel economy improvements under both the GHG and CAFE programs.

Follow this link for more information about the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) program.

Follow this link for more information about the U.S. EPA GHG program.


P06 / Annual CO2 Per Mile*, Toyota Canada Fleet

Lower CO2 per mile is better.

*Based on CO2 emissions data reported to Environment and Climate Change Canada.

ABOUT THIS CHART: The Canadian federal government introduced a GHG emissions regulation under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act for the 2011‐2016 model years, and in October of 2014 issued final GHG emissions regulations for the 2017‐2025 model years. Toyota has met the regulatory obligations regarding vehicle CO2 emissions in Canada for each model year.

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) named three Toyota vehicles as best-in-class for fuel efficiency for the 2020 model year:

  • Toyota Corolla Hybrid (Compact car)
  • Toyota Prius (Mid-size car)
  • Toyota Highlander Hybrid AWD (Standard Sport Utility Vehicle)

Best-in-class vehicles have the lowest combined fuel consumption rating, based on 55 percent city and 45 percent highway driving.


P07 / Annual CO2 Per Kilometer, Toyota Mexico Fleet

Lower CO2 per kilometer is better.

ABOUT THIS CHART: In Mexico, the government has modeled vehicle GHG standards after U.S. requirements. The standards require automakers to meet a single sales‐weighted fleet average over the period 2014 through 2016, and allow credits generated in 2012 and 2013 to be used towards compliance. These standards have been appropriately tailored to the unique driving conditions and product mix associated with the Mexican market and contain similar compliance flexibilities and lead time as those offered in the United States. Toyota continues to be in compliance with these standards.


During fiscal year 2020, Toyota's North American operations used 3.8 million megawatt-hours (MWh) of energy to power both stationary and mobile activities. Of this:

  • 1.67 million MWh were from non-renewable sources of electricity.
  • 59,718 MWh were from renewable electricity sources – either onsite solar, landfill gas, geothermal or renewable energy credit purchases. This represents 3.4 percent of Toyota’s total electricity consumption in North America.
  • 2.05 million MWh were from using natural gas as a fuel.
  • 78,700 MWh were from fuels used in mobile sources, such as gasoline and diesel.

Energy reduction activities resulted in electricity and natural gas savings of 195,000 MWh.

Energy intensity, measured in MWh of energy consumed per vehicle produced, was 2.11 in fiscal year 2020, down from 2.15 in 2019.

CO2 from Operations


P08 / GHG Emissions from Toyota's North American Operations

  FY2016 FY2017 FY2018 FY2019 FY2020 FY2021 Target
Scope 1 395,000 391,000 434,000 434,000 409,000 n/a
Scope 2 897,000 911,000 895,000 783,000 697,000 n/a
TOTAL 1,292,000 1,302,000 1,329,000 1,217,000 1,106,000 1,098,200

Scope: Manufacturing, R&D, owned logistics, offices

ABOUT THIS CHART: Total Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions have decreased 9 percent between fiscal years 2019 and 2020. The decrease is a result of implementing energy and GHG efficiency measures and changes in production volumes and model mix.

TMNA uses The GHG Protocol: A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, Revised Edition (published by WBCSD and WRI) to develop the emissions inventory. TMNA follows the financial control approach.

Scope 1 sources include stationary combustion (such as burning natural gas for energy) as well as owned mobile sources (such as Toyota-owned fleet vehicles and owned logistics trucks).

Scope 2 emissions include consumption of purchased electricity from 102 Toyota sites in North America. Scope 2 emissions are calculated using the location-based approach. Indirect emissions from electricity used at Toyota's U.S. locations are calculated using EPA eGRID emission factors. For sites in Canada, provincial emission factors are sourced from Canada's National Inventory Report, and for Mexico, a country-specific emission factor is sourced from Climate Transparency's G20 Brown to Green Report 2019. Where renewable electricity is purchased, an emission factor of zero is assumed.

Toyota does not purchase steam.

Three of Toyota's U.S. manufacturing plants are required to report GHG emissions data under U.S. EPA's Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program. Individual plant data for our plants in Kentucky, Texas and Indiana are available on EPA's website through its online data publication tool.

In Canada, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada (TMMC) and Canadian Autoparts Toyota, Inc. (CAPTIN) are required to report GHG emissions data. TMMC's Cambridge plant is required to report under Environment Canada's Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Program; both the Cambridge and Woodstock plants are required to report GHG emissions to the province of Ontario under its Environmental Protection Act. CAPTIN is required to report GHG emissions to the province of British Columbia under its Greenhouse Gas Reduction Act.

Carbon Targets


P09 / GHG Emissions Per Vehicle Produced

ABOUT THIS CHART: This chart shows total Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions in metric tons CO2e divided by North American production. GHG intensity per vehicle produced decreased by 6.1 percent in fiscal year 2020 compared to the previous year due to improvements in energy and GHG efficiency and changes in production volumes and model mix.

CO2 From Operations


P10 / GHG Intensity from U.S. Parts and Vehicle Logistics

Scope = GHG emissions intensity from owned and third-party service parts/accessories and vehicle transport activities (e.g., trucking and rail). Does not include manufacturing logistics (such as transport of raw materials to the manufacturing plants).

ABOUT THIS CHART: We track GHG emissions intensity for owned and third-party U.S. service parts/accessories and vehicle logistics from all transport modes (trucking, marine, air and rail). Intensity is measured in grams of CO2e per ton-kilometer.

Logistics GHG intensity increased 14 percent in fiscal year 2020 compared to the previous year, mainly due to an increase in container miles from our owned parts logistics trucks. However, since the target baseline of fiscal year 2016, GHG intensity has decreased almost 5 percent, putting us on track to achieving the target.

Carbon Targets



P11 / Environmental Compliance

&mnsp; Significant Environmental Violations
FY16 0
FY17 0
FY18 0
FY19 0
FY20 0

ABOUT THIS CHART: Many of Toyota's activities in vehicle development, manufacturing and logistics are subject to local, state, provincial and federal laws that regulate chemical management, air emissions, water discharges, storm water management, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste treatment and disposal. These regulations vary by facility based on the type of equipment operated and the functions performed.

In Figure P11, Toyota reports those environmental violations resulting in fines of $5,000 or more and in an impact to the environment (we do not report administrative violations). In fiscal year 2020, our North American manufacturing plants and logistics sites had zero significant environmental regulatory violations.


P12 / Toyota / Lexus LEED® Dealerships

Toyota Lexus
Platinum 5 0
Gold 22 4
Silver 16 3
Certified 16 4
Total 59 11
*As of July 2020, 70 Toyota and Lexus dealerships - 62 in the U.S., 7 in Canada and 1 in Mexico - have earned LEED® certification.

ABOUT THIS CHART: The Toyota and Lexus brands provide guidance to dealerships on sustainable strategies to achieve LEED® certification. LEED®, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is a point-based system administered by the U.S. and Canadian Green Building Councils promoting a whole-building approach to sustainable construction and remodeling. LEED® certification is based on meeting stringent requirements in sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality.

Toyota and Lexus brands have achieved various levels of LEED certification for the construction and renovation of their sales and service areas. As of July 2020, 70 Toyota and Lexus dealers in the U.S., Canada and Mexico have achieved LEED certification, and more are registered with the U.S. Green Building Council.

Toyota and Lexus recognize the hard work that goes into the LEED certification process. The continued efforts not only are attractive to environmentally conscious consumers, they also can provide dealerships an edge in recruiting and retaining team members.


Environmental Management Systems

P13 / ISO 14001 Certifications of Toyota’s North American Facilities

  Location Original Certification Date
Manufacturing Plants Huntsville, Alabama 2005
  Long Beach, California 1998
  Princeton, Indiana 1999
  Georgetown, Kentucky 1998
  Troy, Missouri 1998
  Blue Springs, Mississippi 2012
  Jackson, Tennessee 2007
  San Antonio, Texas 2008
  Buffalo, West Virginia 2000
  Woodstock, Ontario 2009
  Cambridge, Ontario 1998
  Delta, British Columbia 1997
  Baja California, Mexico 2006
Vehicle Distribution Centers Toronto, Ontario 2002
  Montreal, Quebec 2003
Parts Distribution Center Toronto, Ontario 2001
  Vancouver, British Columbia 2002
Sales and Regional Offices Canadian Sales Headquarters in Toronto, Ontario 2001
  Pacific Regional Office and TFS 2002
  Quebec Regional Office and TFS 2005
  Prairie Regional Office and TFS 2008
  Atlantic Regional Office and TFS 2006
*List of certified sites in North America as of July 2020.

ABOUT THIS CHART: Environmental management systems are an essential part of Toyota’s overall effort to minimize risks and achieve leading levels of environmental performance. Each Toyota location has an environmental management system (EMS) that identifies the significant environmental aspects and impacts of its operations and sets corresponding controls, goals and targets to manage and reduce these impacts over time.

The facilities listed in the chart have been third-party certified to ISO 14001, the International Organization for Standardization’s standard for designing and implementing an effective environmental management system.

Green Building

P14 / Toyota’s North American Facilities With LEED® Certifications

Production Engineering & Manufacturing Center Georgetown, Kentucky 2019 BD+C Platinum
Toyota Supplier Center York Township, Michigan 2019 BD+C Platinum
Toyota Motor North America Headquarters
(Office Towers, High Bay Evaluation Building, Vehicle Delivery Center)
Plano, Texas 2017 BD+C Platinum
Chicago Service Training Center Aurora, Illinois 2015 NC Gold
Lexus Eastern Area Office Parsippany, New Jersey 2014 CI Platinum
Toyota Kansas City Training Center Kansas City, Missouri 2012 NC Gold
Toyota Inland Empire Training Center Rancho Cucamonga, California 2010 CI Gold
Toyota Technical Center York Township, Michigan 2010 NC Gold
Toyota Racing Development North Carolina Salisbury, North Carolina 2010 NC Certified
Lexus Florida Training Center Miramar, Florida 2009 CI Gold
Toyota Phoenix Training Center Phoenix, Arizona 2009 CI Silver
North America Production Support Center Georgetown, Kentucky 2006 CI Silver
Toyota Motor North America, Inc. Washington, D.C. 2016 CI Silver
Portland Vehicle Distribution Center Portland, Oregon 2004 NC Gold
BD+C = Building Design + Construction
NC = New Construction
CI = Commercial Interiors

ABOUT THIS CHART: Fourteen Toyota and Lexus facilities have achieved Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) certification. LEED® is a point-based system administered by the U.S. and Canadian Green Building Councils promoting a whole-building approach to sustainable construction and remodeling. LEED certification is based on meeting stringent requirements in sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality. Ranging from office space to vehicle distribution centers, these facilities represent Toyota’s continued efforts to improve the design and efficiency of all operations. Toyota Motor North America is a platinum member of the U.S. Green Building Council.

Toyota has three projects that are pursuing LEED certification: the renovation of the vehicle logistics facility at the Port of Long Beach in California, the newly constructed visitor center at the assembly plant in Mississippi, and the new parts distribution center in Clarington, Ontario.

“Building for the Future”



P15 / Total Waste (Pounds)

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Regulated Waste*
Recycled/Reused Regulated Waste 4,570,000 4,879,000 4,499,000 5,763,000
Incineration, WTE**, Fuels Blending 7,247,000 11,599,000 11,843,000 11,070,000
Landfill 692,000 33,000 0 0
Non-Regulated Waste
Composted 831,000 1,080,000 908,000 999,000
Recycled Scrap Steel from Mfg Plants 678,953,000 656,129,000 696,759,000 599,387,000
Other Recycled/Reused 87,805,000 79,940,000 79,800,000 82,864,000
Incineration, WTE**, Fuels Blending 33,933,000 29,314,000 32,081,000 31,888,000
Landfill 8,081,000 16,995,000 13,363,000 13,835,000
TOTAL WASTE (Pounds) GENERATED 822,112,000 799,969,000 839,253,000 745,806,000
*Regulated waste includes hazardous, universal and special wastes regulated at the federal, state, provincial or local level. Non-regulated waste is all other waste.

**WTE = waste to energy

Scope = Toyota's North American headquarters, manufacturing, R&D, sales and logistics sites in the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico. Also includes data from manufacturing in Mexico. Data from non-manufacturing sites in Mexico will be included in future years. Data excludes construction and demolition waste from new construction and expansion projects.

ABOUT THIS CHART: Waste data is collected on a calendar year basis. In 2019, Toyota's North American manufacturing plants, R&D centers, logistics sites and offices generated 745.8 million pounds of waste. This is an 11 percent decrease from 2018, due mainly to a decrease in the amount of recycled scrap steel. The amount of steel used in vehicle production varies depending on production volumes as well as the mix of models being produced. In 2019, overall production volume decreased, and the mix of models changed at a number of the North American assembly plants.

When looking at the waste data without scrap steel, the amount of the remaining waste streams has been fairly constant over the last four years, increasing only 2 percent between 2016 and 2019.

In 2019, only 1.9 percent of all waste was sent to landfills for disposal (for certain waste streams, landfill disposal is required by law), and 5.7 percent was incinerated, used for fuels blending or sent to a waste-to-energy facility. We recycled, reused or composted 92.4 percent of all waste in 2019.

“Eliminating Waste”


P16 / Water (Gallons)

  FY2019 FY2020 FY2020 Water-Stressed Areas*
Water Withdrawal 1,806,964,000 1,765,401,000 110,754,000
Water Discharge 1,136,206,000 1,173,040,000 42,015,000
Water Consumption 670,758,000 592,361,000 68,739,000
Scope: Manufacturing, R&D, owned logistics, offices
*Water-stressed areas have been identified with WRI's AqueductTM Water Risk Atlas 3.0 and include sites with overall risk scores of "high" and "extremely high."

ABOUT THIS CHART: Toyota withdrew 1.77 billion gallons of water at 102 North American facilities, including manufacturing plants, R&D centers, parts and vehicle distribution centers, service training centers and offices. This represents a 2.3 percent decrease from the previous year.

Only 6 percent of water withdrawal occurred in an area of "high" or "extremely high" water stress.

More than 95 percent of total water withdrawal came from municipal sources (both fresh and recycled water from utilities); the remaining withdrawals came from surface water bodies, groundwater and rainwater.

We estimate 1.17 billion gallons were discharged, either to surface waters or to municipal utilities.

Consumption (defined as withdrawal minus discharge, or the water that was not returned to either a municipal utility or surface or ground water) was 592.36 million gallons.